Richard Burton’s voice.
A gravelly, rasping brogue that brings the words of ‘War of the worlds’ alive. The inclination and resonance of his voice stresses every syllable and pushes meaning into the pauses when the words on the page hadn’t. Like James Earl Jones, Morgan Freeman or Churchill, Burton’s voice was his calling card causing a million impersonations of ‘broad sword calling Danny boy’.
Throughout history, moments of great magnitude have required an authoritative voice, unrecorded but easy to imagine powerful oratory skills projecting or certainly controlling the situations they find themselves in. Maybe the delivering of orders to the troops that they had to go over the top at the Somme, Ardito Desio’s team talk before the first ever successful climb to the top of K2, Da Vinci asking Lisa Gheradini to try to enjoy being an artists subject and for god’s sake lighten up, the talking to a passenger, who is suddenly charged with the responsibility of landing the plane; convincing them to stay calm and follow instruction. You don’t imagine great, insightful, authoritative or inspiring words being said falteringly, you don’t imagine an impediment or a comedy lisp. You imagine clarity, resonance and depth. We are defined by the words we use but are we defined as much for the delivery as we are the content?
Because Let’s be honest some people talk utter shite really beautifully.
Since the very first words were formed around my larynx and vocal tract i have had a stammer. I can recall no period of time without it ,although oddly I have no memories that relive it; my brains way of silently reprimanding my gob for originally fucking up its intended beautiful use of the English language.
I HATE the word stutter, mainly for two reasons:
Firstly, because ironically it’s hard to say, the two t’s requiring far too much tongue to teeth action and secondly because if we’re going to ‘onomatopoeia’ afflictions why single out a stutter when we could simply rename others for the amusement of everybody………Wobble (obesity), skew-if (lazy eye), squelch (incontinence) weeeeeeeee!! (wheel chair bound) the list is endless and hilariously insensitive unless it’s used to describe or define you.
In my life (all 38 years) I have only ever encountered two speech therapists that i haven’t wanted to see appear on an American milk carton. One, a charming Canadian who now runs Suffolk’s best Artisan Bakery, and the other a gruff stoic Scotsman who cured his own stammer through physiological reasoning and a complete disregard for respected medical opinion.
There is no known reason for why a stammer exists, unless there is damage to the constituent vocal apparatus, which is rare even in the case of a trauma. Now, it is brilliantly deduced by the Arthur Conan Doyle plagiarisms within the speech therapy community that a trauma can cause a stammer, when evidentially a patient without a stammer has a trauma and then develops one. So essentially speech therapists can identify a stammer when they hear one and can point a flimsy stick at the probable physical cause, but that’s it. The how and the why, like a stammerer’s rendition of Peter Piper’s fabled pickled peppers ,eludes them. Even when the etiology of stammering is unknown it hasn’t stopped them hypothesising and deliberating about an impediment that they actually seem to know very little about..
The world of speech therapy may have since scaled the dizzying heights of Nobel awarded innovation, certainly since the 1970’s and 80’s: but I would be very surprised. In the interest of fairness I have to state that my opinions are based on the speech therapists I encountered in the late 70’s and 80’s, the risible, ignorant, soap boxing, charlatan, Dr Crippens that they were and not the caring, informed, intelligent, empathetic, crusaders that I hope they are today.
Words should form seamlessly; jostling and jumping for release, sometimes vomiting out without the necessary editing that imparts social grace and decorum. This is not always the case to a stammerer. You build a mental thesaurus that encapsulates every scenario, from colloquial, to high brow and profanity. My brain and my mouth have had an acrimonious relationship for so long now, that sometimes I suspect that not only is the dinner in the dog but if I could fart words my brain would bypass my mouth all together. Every stumble, hitch, repetition or block screams into my head, but the reality can be very different with loved ones sometimes claiming to not hear it at all. Which in itself can produce a horrible paradox,t he more fluent the words become in certain circumstances the less understanding you tend to get when trying to explain the sheer black hole that opens up in other situations when the words aren’t there.
Without exception the biggest problem I face is trying to juggle the juxtaposition of having a speech impediment that can have varying degrees of severity with an absolute love,metaphorically speaking,of the sound of my own voice.I like joking,teaching,lecturing,chatting,debating,arguing;generally there is no amount of talking shite that I can’t whole heartedly get behind.
You can always count on children to be little shits.
Being a military family meant we moved a lot, which brought the prospect of constantly being the new kid in already established classes. Fitting in was always an initial issue even though I was kinda funny, academically pretty smart and athletic. Incidents inevitably always cropped up, bullying merely made me aggressive and relatively quick-witted and more importantly able to take a punch and give one. It always took a bit of time but eventually I would gravitate towards the more interesting people, the thinkers, the comedians, the sportsmen, the arty ones, the smarter ones. A real pit fall for the new kid is not knowing who the dick heads are, so weeks could be wasted with really dull people until an opportunity arose to jump social ship and upgrade.
Speech therapists came and went, never offering a physical solution or really an emotional understanding, they brought gadgets and snap shot judgements. They patronised and condescended, risking fires in every school with corduroy friction through animated movement accompanying yet another half arsed synopsis of where I was going wrong or how to live the rest of my life excepting my mild form of retardation.
My older sister was blamed at one point for constantly interrupting me when I was first struggling to form words like an interpreter for toddler gibberish. Another gem of a professional therapist told my father it was an act and I was merely seeking attention. That was one uncomfortable journey home I can tell you.
Some worked on diction and pronunciation, their common belief that it was mouth positioning, mumbling or speed of speech that was to blame. It wasn’t: they were idiots. If they had experienced what having a stammer meant, the psychological effect of not being able to coherently say your own name or the fear associated with being singled out to read something in class. Their approach would not have been as callous and so quick to find a solution when actually a steady stream of positive counselling would have helped to remove the stigma or the isolation of when you are having a bad speech day, and you become a self-imposed mute.
One particularly spangly dressed fake academic pile of piss who had acted like he was my best friend tried to make me wear a machine the size of the very first mobile phone,i t would innocuously be strapped to my chest like john hurts exploding alien. Allegdly it would fit discreetly and comfortably under my shirt, giving me the appearance of a suicide bomber with weight issues. The machine would then have straps that fitted around my throat measuring the speed of speech,i t could be calibrated to regulate any speed but initially it would only accept speech that was spoken
R E A L L Y –
S L O W L Y
If the speed of my speech exceeded the calibrated speed then the machine would omit a high-pitched alarm similar to that of a rape alarm stealing cd’s from HMV. This Spanish inquisition instrument was to be worn everyday for a certain period of time during school and home hours. Not a chance in hell. It would have been less conspicuous and more discreet to have made me wear a dress and lip stick or simply show my penis to anyone I encountered than to wear this iron lung of speech retardation. I broke it, lied about wearing it and eventually returned the knackered equipment to the sound of threats to bill my father the cost of replacement. Fuck it let the old man stump up the money, he always seemed vaguely embarrassed by it all..you write the check pops I’ll wait in the car.
I only ever met one other child during my childhood that had a stammer, we were both 12/13 and upon meeting me, he just thought I was taking the piss. It’s a terrible thing to admit, but he didn’t repeat letters as much as I did but got stuck continually on whole words and I found spending time in his company made me feel better about my own impediment. To outsiders it must have looked like a comedy duo carefully turning 5 minute chats into a cabaret act that would last hours complete with tics, profanity and the eventual saliva spraying of words. I only knew him for 6 months and then his father was posted abroad, I often wonder what path his life went down.
I was a straight A student and the latter school years were spent playing in every sport team, hanging out with friends and generally being young .The biggest thing to realise is familiarity breeds clarity, my sardonic personality shone with sarcasm, teenage indifference and smart arse one liners through nothing more than knowing those around me really well.
Bad days came and went, I knew how to avoid certain social or public speaking circumstances so I slipped easily amongst my peers, sprinkling gems of plagiarised wit and trying desperately to belong, rebel, fit in or stand out.
The words or situations that effect you can change dramatically, hard consonants are good, soft are problematic. Nerves can play a part or they can produce clarity, they can root you to the spot or produce enough adrenalin, rivalling any perilous sport junkie, to circumvent any speech blockage.
Profanity, talking to animals or very small children and singing produces word-perfect speech. Although it’s probably frowned upon telling next doors 4-year-old and their scraggy furred cat to Fuck off in the style of Maria from the sound of music.
There is a reason for this, social acceptance, no parent wants their children or pets sworn at by the singing stammerer from next door.
Oh no hang on…I mean there is a reason why these scenarios produce clarity. Animals and Small children do not judge, their opinion of you is based on more tangible and honest reasons. Whatever psychological effect this relationship between child/ animal and stammerer is, it is staggering that the removal of psychological assumptions would produce such profundity. Singing and swearing hold a much more interesting fact, the biggest difference between talking, swearing and singing is how you breathe and the process of speaking on the outbound breath.
A mind numbing simple concept and yet one that millions of people do millions of times every day without being aware of it. Stammerers do not, they are not programmed mentally to automatically speak whilst exhaling, at least to get the vocal ball rolling. It is not the only way to speak but it is the difference between getting a problematic word out and drowning in your own silence and inability.
Girls were never a problem, as arrogant as that sounds ,it was never a problem with my material, just sometimes my delivery. I never used chat up lines or certainly not obvious ones, I avoided blatant mating call bullshit in favour of actually forming relationships, no matter how fleeting. I don’t think teenage girlfriends are particularly impressed with a teenage boyfriend whose whispered sweet nothings resembled a pneumatic drill spraying saliva into their ears. Image for adolescents is everything for a certain period of time, I am eternally grateful that I had the ability to amuse and process information sometimes quicker than it took my mouth to realise it was supposed to be wrapping words in repetition and embarrassment.
Thanks to a complete lack of career advice or vocational desire I left school academically brilliant and proceeded to throw it away to study art. Surrounded by a much older peer group, speech kinda stopped being as relevant. Art eventually gave way to kitchens and a career as a cook beckoned. My fathers’ underlying fear that perhaps I was homosexual was completely eradicated when I left school studied Art and then throw away an illustrious career of potential drug taking and self-expression and embraced a career that made me wear a pinny and chop onions.
My path through kitchens has been dominated by the Michelin guide; the conformity and rigidity of these kitchens worked perfectly to my own sense of OCD and work ethic. 3 star kitchens are built on exact repetition, continual consistent minute tasks repeated without deviance endlessly. They are also ruled with an iron rod, standards are maintained irrespective of the body count. The hierarchy is designed to control the quality at every level, speech is direct, authoritative and sometimes harsh. In these environments, certainly from leaving school i was never judged or kept back or overlooked because of my speech. I was entirely viewed on the level of my compliance and the energy and precision that my tasks were tackled. Chefs can be rough , illiterate, ignorant, racist, homophobic, sexist, blunt, a real bunch of charmers or they can be hardworking, loyal, precise, poets, intelligent, understanding and creative beyond the basic physical graft that they endure. In the latter I’d found a surrogate family that embraced my work ethic and artistic delusions. I relished every task and devoured books to bolster any nuggets of information that had been gleamed during the day. I was never subject to bullying (well, speech related anyway) or criticised or demeaned because i struggled sometimes to express myself, particularly in the face of getting a saliva spraying vitriolic bollocking that would start with my immediate error and cascade into my worthlessness as a human being: but never about how i spoke (or didn’t. It’s hard to use the word spoke when what you’re describing is actually more of a ‘he shat out words as a posed to’ he regaled the room with’ ).
I climbed the ranks, I got a mortgage, I became a headchef, I won awards (young Scottish chef, 2 AA rosettes at 22, Michelin bib gourmand by 24, 3AA rosettes by 28, head chef of a Michelin star by 29). I started to effect those careers under me and within the safe walls of my kitchen I pontificated, lectured, guided and bollocked (sometimes really harshly). Speech became irrelevant, only the words mattered, no longer did I question my ability or standing or how I was perceived. I was on a mission and took the careers of the chefs under me more seriously than I felt those above me had taken mine.
The reality is I had become a better actor, at work I didn’t need a facade i was the man you saw, loud, arrogant perhaps, harsh, driven, determined, focused and single-minded. But outside work, certainly beyond my home and circle of friends I was the same 12-year-old boy who wanted the floor to devour him and never be asked a direct question. I felt that the facade was the actual me, so I continued with it and kept any insecurities to my self. Recently on radio 4 I heard a great person say that confidence was an illusion, confident people were just those that said what the hell, what’s the worst that can happen, I’ll have a go. That’s me.
Without giving Dr Pepper ad revenue I completely agree, I have faced situations that in the cold light of day would make you run for the hills. I gave a cooking demonstration to 200+ people at the Edinburgh festival, miked up like a Janet Jackson tribute act, I spluttered and splurged my way through boning an oxtail and making a foie gras mouse and Robuchon’s fabled mash. I was so nervous before hand I wanted to vomit through my arse but during the actual demonstration I couldn’t give a shit. I became the guy from the kitchen.
A brilliant English teacher once upgraded my role in a play of Macbeth from guard number 2 to Macduff when the original actor got glandular fever. I hated them both for it, but come performance night I was note and word-perfect. He left teaching a few years ago and writes novels on Spanish military history now but he was everything the scores of speech therapists hadn’t been, he was perceptive and understanding and positive and he refused to acknowledge that a mere impediment should stand in the way of expression.
In my early 20’s I was so work obsessed that I would regularly start at 6am and get home past midnight most days of the week, professionally it was brilliant, socially it was devastating. I watched my speech deteriorate outside work and could not get beyond it. I missed a lot of social engagements because I couldn’t face meeting new people, after about six months of being a self-imposed social pariah depression started taking hold of me. Insomnia, irrational mood swings, the inability to get out bed on days off, working 90 plus hours was a great excuse to avoid people. It was just an excuse though. I heard about a weeks course held in Kirkcaldy that was run by a guy who had cured his own stammer. His name was Andrew Bell and he’d been a medical student whose speech eventually deteriorated to such a level that he simply stopped speaking. He was silent for over a year.
The course would cost nearly two grand, I told no-one, I just booked it and waited for the restaurant to close on its annual holiday so I could attend. It changed my life, it wasn’t happy clappy, it wasn’t overly sensitive, it was very matter of fact. It simply taught stammers to talk on the out bound breath. A technique so simple and so revelatory that everybody cried on the last day. Which was a massive improvement from the horrendous first day when 20 stammers shat consonants into a room like a wall coming down in room full of cymbals. The confidence that I felt leaving that course has never quite dissipated, there is no cure but that doesn’t matter, it’s damage control not eradication.
My wife remembers meeting me for the first time and hearing me stammer during a packed morning meeting, surrounded by other H.O.Ds not giving a shit how my speech was being perceived. She says that she found it attractive, that clearly I had a job to do and speech or a rough approximation of it wasn’t going to stand in the way of getting the job done.
I’m lucky, I’m now watching young chefs who worked under me become leaders and experts and mentors to those under them. When they recall their time with me I wonder if my speech is a factor in their definition of me, I guess it would be really hard not to at least include it.
A chef of some talent, whose path briefly crossed mine has subsequently gone on to become an ‘industry blogger’, initially hiding his barbed facetious remarks under the mask of anonymity. He was clumsily unmasked by a mutual acquaintance and my name was mentioned. Because he writes clumsily and vindictively, it was inevitable that through twitter a parody account would arise. Taking his spiteful and sycophantic words and making them self derogatory .Funny stuff but hardly comedy gold.
In an empty accusation without naming me he labeled me through twitter ‘the stammering plagiarist’. Now,an awful lot of time has passed since our vaguely remembered meeting, I remember he was a bit fat, massively unliked by the staff and the kind of unintelligent whining martyr that kitchens struggle to cope with. He could cook well but he was toxic and when I was offered the position of acting headchef my first act was to remove him and not insist that he should work the notice that he’d already tendered. A real bell end of negative and insidious infection. But like a playground inhabitant he defined me by my speech. It’s funny if any more confirmation of his parasitic tendencies were required than the fact that he resorted to childlike meanness as a posed to just calling me a dickhead or worse, should be enough. How could I respond? I didn’t. I’m nearly 40. I merely blocked him from my twitter account and went about my day. I think in life the petty and the vindictive should be left to wallow in their own mire of miserableness. As for the parody account, how could I possibly start one, when I had always assumed the original already was.
I still define myself through my speech,I want the James Earl Jones, Morgan Freeman level of diction and instead I’ve spent a life feeling words stuck in my throat like an unshelled egg. There is irony here with regards to constantly questioning your own speech. Most people have terrible diction, I’m always surrounded by people carelessly disregarding the magnitude of their own voice and words; stumbling, abusing, ‘umming and orrring through countless conversations. Pauses and repetition going unnoticed because they don’t care, they are oblivious to their own subjective speech patterns.
Very few people speak with perfect clarity and diction. I never pause or hmm and are, most words are already vetted and thought through and if there is a last second malfunction, I have a well versed mental thesaurus that will fill the hole.
My son is not quite two and I worry that some dreadful genetic connection will affect his speech, there is no evidence of hereditary links and my parents and grand parent all spoke without defect but I still worry. The words are coming thick and fast from him and as the days pass they become clearer and better defined, I notice my speech around him is crystal clear and deep down I know that I have nothing to worry about. But I have often thought that my personality has played the biggest part in overcoming this as I have a constant stupid desire to never walk the path of least resistance. I don’t want my son to be inhibited from being whoever he wants to be because the words aren’t there.
What’s odd is my hatred of Will Smith has never abated, he brought out the song stutter rap when I was young and like paul Hardcastle’s 19 or Derek Jacobi’s I’ Claudius and Micheal Palin’s fish called Wanda stammering hit-man. These provided plenty of ammunition for class mates to ensure that I was well aware of the fact that they could speak properly and I couldn’t. The stutter rap was also a pretty dreadful song and I’m absolutely delighted that he has continued into making utterly dreadful movies.
I still have bad days and hate meeting new people but I swear a lot (out of the earshot of a mimicking toddler) and I am now of an age that cares very little about how strangers chose to define or classify me.